Trading accounts carry out purchase and sell operations, while Demat accounts serve as the bank for securities. Only transaction fees are associated with trading accounts; no fees are assessed when a trading account is inactive.

There are two types of trading:

Daily Trading (Intraday) and Delivery

Many newbie stock traders confuse trading in stocks with investment and delivery. But both of them differ from one another. Intraday trading is the practice of buying and selling shares on the same business day. For instance, when you purchase a share in the morning and sell it before the market closes the same day, the transaction is referred to as an intraday transaction.

On the contrary, delivery trading refers to the act of purchasing a share and holding it for at least one day. For instance, if you purchased a share today and sold it three days later, that share will be regarded as a delivery.

There are two types of brokers available in the market with whom one can open a trading account:

Brokers with Full services and Discounted Brokers

Traditional brokers that provide full-service trading in stocks, commodities, currencies, mutual funds, etc., along with research and advising, portfolios and investment management, and financial services all in one account, are known as full-service brokers. 

On the other hand, discount brokers are low-cost brokers who provide cutting-edge execution platforms at lightning speeds for trading in equities, commodities, and derivative markets. They don’t offer trade advice and only charge a lower commission.

You have to remember that when you make a trade, your trading account is charged a fee. To make your life comfortable, however, you must pay a tiny fee because there is no such thing as free in life.

SEBI Turnover Fees

The security market regulator is called SEBI, which stands for Securities Exchange Board of India. For the exchanges to operate properly, SEBI makes the rules and regulations.

The SEBI Turnover Fee is the same for all equities intraday, delivery, futures, and options trading and is assessed on both buying and selling sides of the transaction.

Brokers Fee

The broker receives compensation when you purchase or sell shares. The trading contract you sign with the firm clearly outlines the various brokerage models available. Be sure to read the small print. A brokerage may be set at a fixed rate, flexible, variable, or even per lot.

Security Transaction Tax

The Securities Tax is a major part of trading costs. In contrast to intraday and futures and options trades, delivery trades have a greater security transaction tax. Because Security Transaction Tax (STT) is based on value transacted, you must pay it even for transactions with no brokerage.

The exchange additionally levies a small transaction cost for each transaction, whereas SEBI levies turnovers charges on trading accounts on a regular slab base.

Goods and Service Tax:

Considering brokerage is a service, a goods and services tax (GST) of 18% is applicable on the value of brokerage plus transaction fees.

There is also the stamp duty, which must be paid at the rate determined by the state.

Other Charges

Transferring money to your trading account is expensive. IMPS (Immediate Payment service) transactions are more expensive than NEFT and RTGS transactions, and payment systems charge a fee for using their services.


Even if you are just starting and have a limited budget, you can invest.

You have to be conscious of the limitations you confront as a newbie investor, which is more involved than simply choosing the appropriate investment – a feat in and of itself.

You’ll need to do your research to learn the minimum deposit requirements and compare the charges to those of other brokers.

Additionally, you will need to decide on the broker with whom you want to open an account. You can invest even if you’re a newbie and have a tight budget.

Being aware of your limitations as a novice investor entails more than just picking the right investment, which is a difficult task in and of itself.